Beat: to mix briskly with a spoon, rotary beater or electric beater, to incorporate air into
mixture, making it light and smooth.
Blend: to mix ingredients together thoroughly.
Cream: to soften and blend an ingredient (eg butter) or a mixture of ingredients (eg butter
and sugar) until the soft consistency of cream is obtained.
Fold in: to lightly incorporate ingredients, with definitive folding movements – not stirring.
Prove: to allow to rise in a warm place, term used where raising agent has been added to the mixture.
Rub in: to mix fat and flour together with the fingertips, until the mixture resembles bread crumbs.
Whisk: to beat rapidly to incorporate air, usually with a rotary beater, electric beater or whisk.
All-purpose flour: plain cake flour
Confectioner’s sugar: icing sugar
Java beans: broad beans
Scallion: spring onions
Shortening: white fat
Parchment paper: grease proof paper used for baking